Lesson One - personal pronouns -to be - indefinite - noun - adjective novembre 26, 2018 \\

VOCABULARY


Immagine correlata
boy = ragazzo

Risultati immagini per ragazza attrice
girl = ragazza
brother = fratello
siter = sorella
friend (fend) = amico
egg (egg)= uovo
apple = mela
English = inglese
good (gud)= buono
nice (nais)= simpatico
great (greit)= grande
old (ould)= vecchio
new = nuovo
tall = alto
blond = biondo
pretty = grazioso, carino
my (mai)= mio
and = e
when (uen) = quando
with = con 
here = qui, qua
now = ora, adesso
together = insieme
yes (jes) = si
to be = essere
morning = mattino
afternoon = pomeriggio
evening = sera
night (nait) = notte 
tennis = tennis 
racket = racchetta
garden = giardino
flower = fiore
present = regalo
fond (of) = appassionato
this = questo 
lovely = bello
lucky = fortunato
for = per 
of = di
in = in 
but = ma
still = ancora 

SCHEMA GRAMMATICALE
PRONOMI PERSONALI
I(ai) = io
you (ju)= Tu, Lei
he  (hi) = egli
she = essa
it (it)= esso, essa
we (ui) = noi
you = voi
they = essi, esse


TO BE = ESSERE
presente indicativo
I am = sono
you are = sei
he is = è
she is = è
it is = è
we are  = siamo
you are = siete
they are = sono

Articolo indeterminativo e nome singolare

a boy = un ragazzo
a girl = una ragazza 
an egg = un uovo
an apple = una mela

Aggettivo

a nice boy = un ragazzo simpatico
a pretty girl = una ragazza carina
an English friend = un amico inglese
an old friend = un vecchio amico

Nomi plurali

old friends = vecchi amici
new friends = nuovi amici
nice boys = ragazi simpatici
pretty girls = ragazze carine

GREAT FRIENDS 

I am Carmine. I am a man. I am an Italien man. Diodata is my sister . She is a woman. We are brother and sister. 
Is Diodata a nice woman? Yes, she is a nice woman.
Bob is a friend. He is a good friend. 
Is Bob a nice boy? Yes, he is a nice boy. 
We are happy when we are together.
Lucy is a friend. She is tall and blonde. 
Is she pretty? Yes, she is a pretty girl.
Bob and Lucy are good friends. They are here now. Diodata and I are happy to be with Bob and Lucy. We are great friends.
I am Mary. I am a girl. I am an English girl.
Henry is my brother. He is a boy. We are sister and brother.
Is Hanry a nice boy? Yes, he is a nice boy.
Bob is a friend. He is here with Lucy. They are nice.
Henry and I are happy to be with Lucy e Bob. We are great friends.

I am Carmine
io sono Carmine

I am a boy
Io sono un ragazzo

I am an English boy
Io sono un ragazzo inglese

Diodata is my sister
Diodata è mia sorella

We are brother and sister
noi siamo fratello e sorella

Is Diodata a nice girl?
Diodata è una ragazza simpatica?

Is Bob a nice boy?
Bob è un ragazzo simpatico?

Is she pretty?
E' graziosa?

Bob and Lucy are good friends
Bob e Lucy sono buoni amici

They are here now
Loro sono qui adesso

Diodata and I are happy to be with Bob and Lucy
Diodata ed io siamo felici di essere con Bob e Lucy

We are great friends
siamo grandi amici

NOTE GRAMMATICALI

PRONOMI PERSONALI 

1) Il pronome personale di prima persona singolare (I) si scrive sempre con la lettera maiuscola. Può essere scritto anche nella forma corsiva I.
2) Il pronome you ha tre usi. Corrisponde a tu, lei e voi.

you are an old friend (Sei un vecchio amico- Lei è u vecchio amico)
you are old friends ( Siete vecchi amici - vecchie amiche)

3) i pronomi personali di terza persona singolare sono tre:

He, per il genere maschile (egli)
she, per il genere femminile (essa, ella)
it, per il genere neutro ( esso, essa).

4) I pronomi personali inglesi non sono mai sottintesi, a differenza dell'italiano.

I am Carmine = sono Carmine
You are a nice a boy = sei un rgazzo simpatico
We are happy = siamo felici

PRESENTE INDICATIVO di TO BE = ESSERE

1) To be è l'infinito del verbo essere. Ogni infinito inglese è caratterizzato da To.

2) Nelle forme interrogative, il soggetto ( nome o pronome) segue il verbo essere.

Are yiu happy? = Sei felice?
Is he happy? = E' felice?
Is Diodata Happy? = E' felice Diodata
Are they happy? = Sono felici?

NOME SINGOLARE
Il nome singolare può essere di tre generi: maschile, femminile e neutro. sono di genere neutro i nomi che presentano caratteristiche né maschili né femminili ( mela, uovo e via dicendo).

ARTICOLO INDETERMINATIVO
L'articolo indeterminativo è an davanti a vocali (a,e,i,o, u), ed a davanti a tutte le altre lettere dell'alfabeto.
a boy = un ragazzo
a nice boy = un ragazzo simpatico
an English boy = un ragazzo inglese
an apple = una mela


NOME PLURALE
Il plurale di un nome si ottiene aggiungendo s alla forma singolare.
boy = boys
girl = girls 
friend = friends 

AGGETTIVO
1) L'aggettivo è invariabile in inglese.

good= buono, buona, buoni, buone

2) L'aggettivo precede il nome a cui fa da attributo.

a nice boy = un ragazzo simpatico
a pretty girl = una ragazza graziosa
nice boys = ragazzi simpatici
pretty girls = ragazze graziose

3) L'aggettivo possessivo my (mio, mia, miei, mie) non è mai preceduto da articolo.
my friend = il mio amico
my friends = i miei amici


EXERCISES

1.I am Carmine. I am Tom. I am a boy. I am an English boy.
2. I am an English boy. 
3. I am Diodata. I am Susan. I am a girl. I am an English girl.
4. I am an English girl. 
5.I am blond. We are brother and sister. We are happy.
6. Lucy is my friend. 
7. She is pretty. 
8. We are here now.  We are here with Bob and Lucy.
9. Bob and Tom are here. We are great friends.
 
COGNIZIONI UTILI

Good morning  - Buongiorno - Good morning viene usato nel corso del mattino.

Good afternoon - Buon pomeriggio - Good afternoon viene usato nel primo pomeriggio.

Good evening  - Buonasera - Good evening viene usato nel tardo pomeriggio e nel corso della sera.

Good night  - Buonanotte - Good night viene usato per augurare la buonanotte.

Hallo ( hello, Hullo) - Ciao -  Hallo forma confidenziale di saluto.

Good-bye  - Addio - Good-bye (gud'bai) è forma di congedo. E' inoltre abbreviata in bye-bye.

EXERCISES ( tradurre in italiano)

1. I am a good boy. 2. You are nice girl. 3. He is a happy boy. 4. She is a pretty girl. 5. It is a good apple. 6. We are good friends. 7. You re nice girls. 8. They are nice boys. 9. You are an old friend. 0. You are great friends.

1. Bob is a nice boy. 2. Lucy is a pretty girl. 3. She is tall and blon. 4. She is an old friend. 5. Tom is a nice boy. 6. He is a good friend. 7. Diodata is my sister. 8. She is a nice girl. 9. We are brother and sister. 10. Lucy and Bob are great friends.

VOCABULARY

Boy (ragazzo), girl (ragazza),  woman (donna), man (uomo), apple (mela), orange (arancia), pear (pera), egg (uovo), cat (gatto), dog (cane), fish (pesce), rabbit (coniglio), potato (patata), tomato (pomodoro), shoe, sock, horse (cavallo), donkey (asino), bull, cow, chair (sedia), table (tavola), vase (vaso), basket (cesto), cock, hen (gallina), turkey (tacchino), duck (anatra), swam (cigno), pig (maiale), racket (racchetta) , ball (pallone), lily, rosemary, rose, violet, sugar (zucchero), king (re), qeen (regina), white (uait - bianco), green (verde), red (rosso), blue (blu), sweet (dolce), so (sou - così), language, Great Britain (Gran Bretagna), to study (studiare), the (il, lo, la , i, gli, le), of (di).

THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

ENGLISH IS A LOVELY LANGUAGE. IT IS THE LANGUAGE OF GREAT BRITAIN. ARE YOU HAPPY TO STUDY IT .


CONVERSATION

Tom: Hallo, Bob!Hallo, Lucy!
Lucy: Hallo, Tom!
Bob: Hallo, Tom!
Lucy: I am here for tennis, but Bob is here for Susan.
Tom: Susan is in the garden now. She is fond of flowers!
Lucy; I am fond of tennis. This is my new racket.
Tom: It is lovely! My racket is old, but it is still good. Is it a present, Lucy?
Lucy: Yes, it is a present.
Tom: Lucly girl!
Bob: Yes, she is a lucky girl:


EXERCISES 

1. Sei un bravo ragazzo?  ( are you a good boy?) 2.  Sei felice? (are you happy?) 3. Bob è qui? ( is Bob here?) 4. E' un ragazzo simpatico? ( He is a nice boy?) 5. La mia amica è qui ( my friend is here) 6. E' simpatica? (is nice?) 7. Siete ragazzi inglesi? (are english boys?) 8.Bob e Tom sono qui ( Are Bob and Tom here) 9. Sono bravi ragazzi? (are they good boys?) 10. Sono simpatici ( are they nice)

I am Tom. I am an English boy. Susan is my sister. She is a nice girl. We are brother and sister. Bob is a friend. He is a good friend. I am happy when I'am with Bob. Lucy is a pretty girl . She is tall and bllonde. Susan, Tom and Bob are now hire. Susan is happyof to be with Bob and Lucy. they are great friends.

I am Bob. I am an English boy. I am Susan. I am an English girl. I am blond. Lucy is my friend. She is pretty. We are here now. Bob and Tom are here. I am happy. You are nice. Tom is a nice boy. He is an old friend. Lucy is a pretty girl. Susan is my sister. She is a nice girl. We are here now. You are nice girls. we are old friends. Tom is an English boy. Bob is an old friend. Bob and Tom are old friends. susan is anice girl. Lucy is tall and blond. She is nice. Bob and Tom are here. we are great friends. Lucy and Susan are old friends. They are nice girls.  

What is  this? This is a cock     What is this? This is a hen   What is this ? This is a duck  What is this? This is a horse    What is this? This is a donkey  What is this? This is a pig   What is this? This is a rabbit   What is this? This is a turkey     What is this? This is a swam   What is this ? This is a potato What is this? This is a tomato. What isthis? This is an egg    What is this? This is a pear  What is this? This is an apple   What is this? This is an orange  What is this?This is a chair What is this? This is a table  What is this ? This is a basket 


What is That? Cos'è quello

What is that? That is a potato  What is that? That is a tomato   What is that? That is an egg    What is that? That is a cock   What is that? That is a duck   What is that ? that is a turkey What is that? That is a vase What is that? that is a basket What is that ? that is a ball 


What are These? (Cosan sono questi) These are two rabbits.    

What are these?  These are two dogs    What are  these? These are two potatoes    What are these? These are two tomatoes  What are these? These are two apples    What are these?  These are two chaires    What are these? These are two basket   What are these? These re two pears.

What are those? (cosa sono quelli) Thise are two bulls

What are those? Thise are two cows  What are those? Those are two horses.   What are those? Those are two shoes    What are those? Those are two socks    What are those? Those are two eggs   What are those ? Those are two racket   What are those? Those are two balls   What are those? Those are two chairs 

There is a... C'è un (una)
There is a fish in the vase
There is an egg in the basket
There is an egg on the pig 
There is a boy on the table
There is a cat under the chair 
There is a cock under table


Is this A (an)?  E' questo un (una)

Is this a cat? Yes, it is
Is this a dog? Yes, It is
Is this a rabbit ? Yes, It is
Is this a cow? Yes, It is
Is this a bull? Yes, It is
Is this a Horse? No, it si a donkey
Is this an aplle? Yes , it is
Is this an egg? No. it is a pear
Is this a tomato? Yes, It is

Are These two? Sono questi due

Are these two boys? Yes they are
Are these two cocks? Yes, they are
Are these two pigs? yes , they are
Are these two ducks? Yes, they are
Are these two swams? no, they are two ducks
Are these two horses? Yes, they are
Are these two pears? No, they are two eggs
Are these two oranges? Yes, the are
Are These two apples? No, thay are two tomatoes


Where is the ...?  Dov'è il (la) ?

Where is the fish? In the vase
Where is the egg' In the basket
Where is the egg? On the pig
Where is the boy? On the table 






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